Edward VI of England (1537 1553) became King of England and Ireland
on 28 January 1547 and was crowned on 20 February at the age of
nine. The son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour, Edward was the third
monarch of the Tudor dynasty and England's first Protestant ruler.
During Edward s reign, the realm was governed by a Regency Council,
because he never reached maturity.
The Council was led from 1547 to 1549 by his uncle Edward Seymour,
1st Duke of Somerset, and from 1550 to 1553 by John Dudley, 1st
Earl of Warwick, who in 1551 became 1st Duke of Northumberland.
Edward's reign was marked by economic problems, military withdrawal
from Scotland and Boulogne-sur-Mer, and social unrest that in 1549
erupted into riot and rebellion.
It also saw the transformation of the Anglican Church into a
recognisably Protestant body. Henry VIII had severed the link
between the Church of England and Rome, and during Edward's reign,
Protestantism was established for the first time in England, with
reforms that included the abolition of clerical celibacy and the
mass, and the imposition of compulsory services in English.
The architect of these reforms was Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of
Canterbury, whose Book of Common Prayer has proved lasting.